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Published July 2010
Scientific Commentary of Suratul
The very first Surah in the
Dr E Kazim
M.B., B.S., D.T.M. & H., M.R.C.P.
Director, Islamic Academy, Trinidad
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Table of Contents
CHAPTER I: The Holy Qur’an – An Overview
Allah’s own words
The original copy
Numbers in the Qur’an
Khatm al Qur᾿an
CHAPTER II: Systematic Exposition of Sūratul Fātiḥah
(1) Bismillāh ir Raḥmān ir Raḥīm
The Supreme Being
(B) Ar-Rahmānir Rahīm
What is Ḥamd?
Just two little words
Why should we thank Allāh?
Is uttering al-Ḥamdu lillāh by the tongue sufficient?
What if we are ungrateful?
Are we alone in glorifying Allāh?
Does Allāh listen to us praising Him?
Is there any Advantage in thanking and glorifying Allāh?
Who is Allāh whom we have to thank?
(3) Ar-Raḥmānir Raḥīm
(4) Māliki Yaumid Dīn:
(A) The Early Human Being:
(B) What is this remarkable creature called “man” who has to meet his mālik?
Constitution of Man
The Glorious Hereafter
Some of the differences between the body and the soul are:
What is Rūḥ? (soul)
Introduction to the nafs or self
The psychology of nafs (self)
Islamic perspective of the self (nafs)
What is nafs? (the self)
When does Islamisation begin?
(I) An-Nafsul Ammārah – The First Part of Life
(II) An-Nafsul Lawwāmah - The Second Part of Life
(III) An-Nafsul Mutma'innah – The Third and Final Part of Life
Definition of Death
Islamic attitude to death
Man’s Last Days on Earth:
Supplication for mercy on death
What we are required to do?
The Concept of Time
Did Allah promise that we will be resurrected?
Appointment with Al-Mālik: actually meeting Him
Reminiscences from the Hereafter
Tazkiyah or purification
(5) Iyyāka na‘budu wa iyyā ka nasta‘īn
(6) Ihdinas-sirātal mustaqīm
Man’s need for Guidance
Pre-conditions required to receive Guidance
CHAPTER III: The straight path or As-ṣiraṭ al mustaqīm
Ṣirāṭ al-mustaqīm through Islām of post- Muḥammad era
Outline of Ṣirāṭ al-mustaqīm
I. The Bottom Level: Muslims
Kalimatush Shahādah: the Testimony
Ṣalāt (namāz): ritual prayers
At-Tashahhud or At-Taḥiyyāt
Sajdah or Prostration
The pineal gland:
Zakāt or Zakah
Siyām: the Islāmic fast
The month of Ramaḍan:
Fasting and patience:
The results of the exams:
Fasting in adverse circumstances
Fasting with underfeeding
Fasting and magnesium
Fasting and our biological rhythms
Fasting and the circadian rhythm:
Fasting, jet lag and shift work:
Fasting and encephalins
Fasting and Growth Hormone:
Sleep, memory and fasting
Electroencephalogram, fasting and sleep
Hajj for those who can afford it
Signifance of ‘Id ul Aḍha
Major ‘id and minor ‘id
II. The second level of as sirāṭ al mustaqīm: Imān (mu’mins)
Īmān or faith:
III. The third level of as sirāṭ al mustaqīm: ihsān (muhsins)
IV. The fourth level of sirāt al mustaqīm: Īthār
V. The fifth level and upwards: Shahīd / shuhadā
(7) Sirāt al ladhīna an ‘amta ‘alyhim ghyril maghdubi ‘alyhim wa lad dāllīn
Ghyril maghdūbi ‘alyhim
Wa lad dāllīn: (Nor those who have gone astray)
CHAPTER IV : Relationship between man and Allah
History of man
Shayṭān (Satan, the devil)
The story of Satan
Lessons to learn from Ādam and Eve
How does Satan operate?
Allah’s warnings about shaytān
Was shaytān an angel or a jinnī?
Taubah or repentance and its requirements
Why is mankind so prone to commit sins?
Shirrk and false worship
(B) The Sinner
(C) Asking for forgivness
Which categories of persons would be forgiven by Allah?
(D) Repenting or Tauba
(E) Allah’s acceptance of Tauba
The purpose of repentance
The benefits of repentance
The gift of speech
Waswasa or soft, alluring sound
Back-biting, gossip and slander
Responding to gossip and slander
CHAPTER V: Islam in the light of science
The Human Brain
Endorphins and encephalins:
Neuroscience of sleep:
Medical aspects of forbidden foods in Islam
I. Diseases transmitted to man from an animal which dies of itself
Diseases in man caused by blood
Diseases carried from swine to man
Islam and intoxicants
Effect of alcohol on the body
Action of alcohol on the brain
How Islam deals with alcohol
A few of the common drugs
Opium and Heroin
A comparison of different concepts of God
Extra-terrestrial journeys: descent of the first prophet and ascent of the last
The Last Prophet
The Holy Qur’ān summarises this celestial event
Saw with naked eye
CHAPTER VI: Islam the perfect religion
How religion was perfected
Islamic da‘wah: Who is a Muslim and what image should he project?
We Muslims are pathetically backward in technology
Tribute to Mother
Balance – Mīzān
And finally about our leader
Have we betrayed the trust?
Some quotes from the Holy Qur'an and Ḥadīth relating to man and woman
Advice to newly-wed couples
Medical aspects of male circumcision in Islām
Tadbīr versus taqdīr
Qadā and Qadar (taqdīr)
Ways in which this world may end
Magnetic reversal of Earth’s polarity
Chemical and biological warfare
Monster microbes and hybrid animals
Aerosols and the ozone layer
Reversal of the big bang
‘Retroscope’ in Heaven
Ebrahim Kazim was born in Bombay,
India, where his parents had settled after having migrated from Dubai. He was
one of eighteen children and was brought up in a typical Muslim home. He
acquired his primary education in a Persian school and his secondary education
in St. Xavier’s College, Bombay. In 1948 he obtained his M.B.B.S. degree from
Grant Medical College and in the same year married his colleague, Dr. Joan
Homaida Mohammed, of Trinidad and Tobago. In 1949, he came to Trinidad where he
was employed by the Ministry of Health in the General Hospital, San Fernando. In
1952, he proceeded to the United Kingdom for further studies and obtained D.T.M.
& H. from the School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool. In 1962, he became the
Member of the Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh (M.R.C.P.). Thereafter, he
returned to Trinidad and was appointed Specialist Medical Officer in the General
Dr. Kazim has performed his Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah-al-Mukarramah) as well as
many ‘umrahs. He has three children. He has always been interested in the
religion of his birth, Islam, especially its scientific aspects, and has
published numerous articles on this topic in various Islamic journals. In 1985,
he and his wife established an Islamic Academy in Trinidad, for the use of the
Muslim community and to carry on Islamic and social activities.
Dr. Kazim is also an author of two books on Islam. In 1956 he published
CONTEMPLATING SURATUL FATEHAH for free distribution. His second book, ESSAYS ON
ISLAMIC TOPICS, originally published on 1st Ramaḍan 1413 (23rd Feb. 1993) was
subsequently revised and the second edition appeared on the 27th Ramaḍan 1420:
Lailat ul Qadr: (3rd Jan. 2000). It has been translated into Albanian and Urdu.
Thereafter, Dr. Kazim collected more scientific data to insert in the articles
published in the two books mentioned above, and has now published the current
book SCIENTIFIC COMMENTARY OF SURATUL FAATEHAH, hoping that the articles
presented in this book would be of interest to the readers.
Islam, Quran, Qur'an, Koran, science, scientific, books, research
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